I worked in the design of the hospital for our refugee camp in Fallujah, Iraq. I started doing background research about refugee hospitals but not much was found so most of my project is based in field hospitals. My lot is 160' by 60' and its located in the middle of the camp for it to be accessible for the refugees in case of an emergency. There are doors on every side of the hospital to allow quick access to the facility.
I used shipping containers as the main structure of the hospital. The only problem was the ventilation and re-arrangement of the containers. To address the problem of ventilation I used a tent like structure on the outside shell so the sun wouldn't overheat the containers.
The containers were re-arranged for the air to flow through the building and cool the spaces created inside and out the containers. The tent has a three feet gap for the air to come in and out from the top of the tent. There are three containers on each corner and middle with the exception that the middle containers have a shift that creates other spaces for the hospital.
Floor Plans and Elevations:
With the spaces created I started arranging the restrooms, storage rooms, offices, waiting rooms, clinics, etc. Is also color coded for better understanding of the diagram. Over all six patient beds can fit in each container. Every three containers share a restroom for sanitary reasons.
For my final model I used thin white cardboard to represent the tent and brown cardboard to represent the containers. The roof of the tent is held by wood columns in order to make the structure firm and strong and there are windows on the sides to allow air circulation through the building.