Project 01: Modernism Architecture and Design
Symbolized by cubism, hard edges, and simplistic design, modernism is an architectural movement characterized by new materials and building styles reflective of a world impacted by the Industrial Revolution. The introduction of industrial-grade steel and reinforced concrete allowed architects and engineers to bring to fruition what Louis Sullivan theorized in the 1890s: the design and construction of a building should revolve around the function it serves. This concept was a particularly driving factor throughout the modernist movement, and we see various submovements which are reflective of “form follows function.”
See my modernism timeline here.
This drawing is a reflection of modernism as well as the technological and industrial processes brought on by the Industrial Revolution. It features cubism and hard edges as was prevalent in twentieth century art and architecture as well as an emphasis on American Functionalism which dampened the era's architectural advances in the name of economic viability. The Pruitt-Igoe Housing project, which was located outside St. Louis, represented a symbolic end to modernism when the project was demolished in the 1970s. Prominent architects Phillip Johnson and Le Corbusier are featured in the portrayals of their Glass House and Notre Dame du Haut, respectively. Louis Khan is also acknowledged for his work which served as a transition at the end of modernism and into deconstructionism.
The above parti diagram (left) and floor plan analysis (right) are of Le Corbusier's 1929 work, Villa Savoye, which is the feature image at the top of this webpage. This work is definitive of several elements of modernism, including cubic design, utilization of natural lighting and cohesive public spaces, and a building which has a "form follows function" philosophy.
The home design I have created derives on Le Corbusier’s work, utilizing a stucco exterior with emphasis on natural lighting in both public and private spaces. The cubic design mimics most closely the work of Peter Eisenman, who is known for constructing grid-like structures and modifying them in a seemingly asymmetrical fashion. My design makes up for the lack of open air outdoor space with a double volume common area, which allows the residents and house guests to interact in a non-intrusive environment, yet also facilitating the importance of private areas within the home. Unlike other architectural eras, my home stays true to the simplistic nature of modernism, lacking exterior ornamentation and instead focusing on the interaction of natural lighting in shared and private spaces.