The Refugee Crisis in Aleppo, Syria
Involvement of other countries
The refugee crisis is being handled by countries around Syria which are, Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey, and Iraq. Around 300 thousand refugees are in Germany, following Angela Merkel’s open-door policy. Israel has refused to let Syrian refugees into the country because Benjamin Netanyahu said, “We will not allow Israel to be submerged by a wave of illegal migrants and terrorist activists.” Greece is the main transit country to get to Europe. The country has received hundreds of thousands, most continuing to other countries such as Germany. Sweden is a good place for refugees to go to, giving all asylum seekers permanent homes. Lebanon has hosted a million Syrian refugees because of its distance from Damascus and other populated areas.
Cities of Conflict
The infrastructure- Syria has an inadequate and outdated infrastructure also old transport system that is controlled by a state that run agencies . The highways which provide the chief means of transportation of goods and also passengers
Landscape - Syria has been independent state since the year of 1948 and has an area of 71,500 square miles also its under 1.5 times the size of England itself. Syria has a 40 mile long coastline along the Mediterranean sea.
Capital city -Aleppo =2,132,100 CITY CAPACITY
Damascus = 1,711,000 CITY CAPACITY
Population & Density
Where are they going
More than 6 million people have had to flee Syria and leave their homes. The refugees are headed to neighboring countries, such as Lebanon, Turkey, Jordan, and some Europe. In Lebanon, 1 in 6 people are a Syrian refugee and there are more than 1 million refugees living there. Turkey is the biggest host of refugees with three million Syrians living there, mostly because of the route to Europe and stability. There are about one million refugees living in Jordan, many in small communities rather than refugee camps.
Who these people are
The people fleeing Syria are citizens of the country being forced to leave their homes because of civil war. Many of the families affected by the war have lost friends and close family. The children affected by the crisis have had to leave their childhoods and some family and friends.
The refugees need to find the perfect time to able to flee from the city to not get hit by gunfire. An estimated 11 million Syrians have fled the country since the start of the civil war in March 2011. Now, in the sixth year of war, 13.5 million syrians are in need of healthcare and food within refugee camps. The syrian civil war has caused the city of apello to to have huge damage to the city and financial problems.In total, the EU has dedicated over €10 billion from the EU budget to dealing with the refugee crisis in 2015 and 2016. Many people arrive in the EU needing basics such as clean water, food and shelter. The EU is financing projects to address the most urgent humanitarian needs of the 50 000 refugees and migrants hosted in Greece as of May 2016.
The EU also provides humanitarian aid to refugees and migrants in countries outside the EU, including Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan and Iraq. Turkey hosts by far the biggest number of refugees — about 3 million in total, of whom 2.5 million are Syrian. In order to support refugees in Turkey, the EU and its Member States are providing €6 billion through a dedicated facility between 2016 and 2018.
How do people live?
There is evidence that all contributors to the conflicts have committed war crimes, including murder, torture, and disappearances. The government has also been accused of blocking access of food and water to civilians. Hundreds of people were killed after bombs with a nerve agent were fired at the suburbs of Damascus. The government was suspected of doing this but they blamed the rebels. Pro-democracy protests began in 2011 in the city of Deraa, after teenagers were arrested and tortured for paint revolutionary slogans onto a school wall. After security forces began firing, he opposition eventually became violent, taking up guns and defending themselves from the security. Violence on both sides became worse, the country turning to civil war as brigades were created to battle against government for control of cities. Fighting got to the capital, Damascus, and second city of Aleppo in 2012.
In 2016, EU Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid gave more than €1972 million, or some 87% of its annual budget, to projects helping the forcibly displaced and their host communities in 56 countries (Turkey, Greece, Syria, Iraq and South Sudan being the top 5). This helps to:
The Commission channels its financial support to forced displacement situations through organisations dealing with refugees, IDPs, vulnerable migrants and host communities. Its main partners include UNHCR, the International Organization for Migration, the Red Cross and Red Crescent movement and non-governmental organisations.
Finally, the European Commission has an important role in advocating for and enabling durable solutions for refugees and IDPs, especially with regards to fulfilling their right of return to their countries of origin. The EU recognises that meeting the needs of refugees and IDPs requires targeted humanitarian aid combined with sustainable development assistance. Together with its partners, the EU also advocates for the full recognition of the new opportunities and benefits for national and local economies which forcibly displaced people can create.